World Journal of Engineering

      www.
wjoe.org
Sponsor: Hebei University of Engineering
Co-sponsor: Department of Mining and Geological
                  Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks;
                  Loughborough University;
                  Kharkov State Technical University of
                  Construction and Architecture.


ISSN: 1708-5284      Editor-in-chief: Prof. Dr. Yuzhuang Sun      Frequency: Quarterly
About Journal | Issue |Sponsor | Editorial committee | Guide for Authors | Editorial Office



About Journal
    (¡ü)

World Journal of Engineering, sponsored by Hebei University of Engineering, Department of Mining and Geological Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks; Loughborough University; Kharkov State Technical University of construction and Architecture, is a academic journal about Civil Engineering, Material Engineering, Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, Geotechnical and Mining Engineering, and other engineering.



Sponsor committee
    (¡ü)

Chairman:
Prof. Wanqing Li, President of Academic Committee of Hebei University of Engineering;
Prof. Zhanzhou Liu, President of Hebei University of Engineering; 
Prof. Dr. Robert F. Carlson, Head of Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA;
Prof. Dr. DSc. D. Goncharenko, Vice-president of the Kharkov State Technical University of Construction and Architecture, Ukraine.

Members:
Prof. Dr.  Alexandr Voblich, Ukraine; Prof. Dr. Xiqing Cai, China; Prof. Jibin Ma, China; Prof. Xiaoli Ren, China; Prof. Dr. G. Chen, USA; Dr. S. Wang, UK; Prof. Xuewen Wang, China; Prof. Junhua Wang, China; Prof. Dr. Y.Z. Sun, China; Prof. Dr. Jingjun Zhang, China; Prof. Jiwei Yang, China; Prof. Dr. Jingang Wang, China.

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Editorial committee    (¡ü)

Chief Editors:

Yuzhuang Sun,       Hebei University of Engineering, China; E-mail: manuscript@wjoe.org;

Gang Chen,          University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA; E-mail: ffgc@uaf.edu;

Simon S. Wang,      Loughborough University, UK; E-mail: s.wang@lboro.ac.uk.

Associate Editors:

Abbaschian, R.          University of Florida, USA;

Abdul Mujeebu, M.     Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia;
An, Min              School of Civil Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK;

Asemota, Helen              Shaw University, North Carolina, USA;

Bao, Xujin            Loughborough University, UK;

Bhattacharyya, Debes   The University of Auckland, New Zealand;

Bocharov, Yuri N.        University of Moscow, Russia;
Bubacz, Monika             Mercer University, Georgia, USA;

Carlson, Robert F.       University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA;
Chen, Rui             Loughborough University, UK;
Chen, Xiaogang             University of Manchester, UK£»

Cui, Kun               Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China;
Daniel, Leo            Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA;

Ding, Shuli           Hebei University of Engineering, China;

Dong, Wei             Hebei University of Engineering, China£»

Feo, Luciano          University of Salerno, Italy;

Goncharenko, DSc. D.    The Kharkov State Technical University of Construction and Architecture, Ukraine;
Ghouse, Mohammad    Energy Research Institute, KACST, Saudi Arabia;

Hsia, Jimmy          University of Illinois, USA;
Hui, David             University of New Orleans, USA;
Jose, Wilfredo I.        University of the Philippines Dilman, Philippines;
Kauppinen, Veijo Antero  Helsinki University of Technology, Finland;

Lee , Joong-Hee              Chonbuk National University, Korea£»

Leonid, L.            Tovaznyanskiy, Kharkov National Technical University, Ukraine;
Lau, Alan Kin-tak      The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong;
Li, Guoqiang                    Southern University Baton Rouge, USA;

Liu, Jiangong          Jizhong Energy Limited Company of Hebei, China;

Lin, Gao               Dalian University of Tecknology, China;
Militky, Jiri                    Technical University of Liberec, Czech Rep.;

Nadim, Farrokh          International Centre for Geohazards, Norway;
Orel, Zorica Crnjak       National Institute of Chemistry, Ljubljana, Slovenia;

Orozco, Carlos E.      University of North Carolina-Charlotte, USA;

Pang, Su-Seng               Louisiana State University, USA;

Peng, Jinhui           Kunming University of Science and Technology, China;

Puettmann, W.           J.W. Goethe-Universitaet, Germany;
Taranu, Nicolae         Technical University of Iasi, Romania;
Tschegg, S.             University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Austria;
Sajeev, A. S. M.         University of New England, Australia;

Sankar, Jag           North Carolina A&T State University, USA;

Seo, Jae-Tae                   Hampton University, Virginia, USA;

Song, Jung Il                Chongwon National University, Korea;

Strzhemechny, Yuri        Texas Christian University, USA;

Svistunov, Vladimir M.  Kharkov National Technical University, Ukraine;

Wang, Guimei,         Hebei University of Engineering, China;

Wang, Youjiang              Georgia Institute of Technology, USA;

Yang, Jiashi           University of Nebraska, USA;

Yang, Xiaogang        University of Wales, UK.

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Guide for Authors    (¡ü)
Submission of Papers
:
Authors are requested to submit three copies of their original (paginated) manuscript and figures to:

Asia, Africa, Oceania: Prof. Dr. Sun Y.Z., Editorial office of ¡¶World Journal of Engineering¡·, Hebei University of Engineering, Guangming South Street 199, Handan, Hebei, China, Zip code: 056038 E-mail:    manuscript@wjoe.org; suscription@wjoe.org

Europe: Senior Lecturer Dr. Simon Wang, Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, LE11 3TU£¬E-mail: s.wang@lboro.ac.uk 

America: Prof. Dr. R. F. Carlson, Department of Mining and Geological Engineering, University of Alaska Fairbanks£¬P.O. Box 755900 Fairbanks, AK 99775-5900, USA, E-mail: ffgc@uaf.edu

Manuscripts will be reviewed by a minimum of two referees and will be considered for publication on the basis of originality of contribution. Manuscripts should be submitted in English.

Submission of a paper implies that it has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that if accepted it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the publisher. Only those papers that have not been submitted or published elsewhere, wholly or part, can be considered for publication. Authors must inform the editor if their manuscript has been submitted, and rejected, by another journal.

Types of Contributions
Papers may be published as: Full Paper, Note or Discussion/Reply. A full paper should describe original research in the general area of Engineering. A note is a short, original contribution not exceeding four printed pages, which can be used to inform readers of preliminary or limited results of research. Papers in the form of discussion/reply will be published when a reader wishes to comment on a paper previously published. This format will be of two back-to-back short communications, one from the communicator, and one from the original author.

Manuscript Preparation
General: Manuscripts must be typewritten, double-spaced with wide margins on one side of white paper. Good quality printouts with a font size of 12 or 10 pt are required. The corresponding author should be identified (include a fax number and e-mail address). Full postal addresses must be given for all co-authors. An electronic copy of the paper should accompany the final revised version. The editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity. Authors should retain a copy of their manuscript since we cannot accept responsibility for damage or loss of papers. Original manuscripts are discarded one month after publication unless the Publisher is asked to return original material after use: copies of the original manuscript are retained by the Editors-in-Chief for two years.

Paper Length: Papers generally average 10-15 printed pages, this to include tables, figures and references. A full page of text in World Journal of Engineering contains about 850 words which accurately reflect the singularity of the paper.

Abstracts: Each manuscript should be accompanied by an abstract of up to 100 words.

Text: Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Key words, Main text, Acknowledgements, Appendix, References, Figure Captions and then Tables. Do not import the Figures or Tables into your text. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote, which should contain this author's e-mail address. All other footnotes (except for table footnotes) should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers.

References: All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references following the text of the manuscript. In the text refer to the author's name (without initials) and year of publication (e.g. "Since Peterson (1993) has shown that..." or "This is in agreement with results obtained later (Kramer, 1994)". For three or more authors use the first author followed by "et al.", in the text. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors' names. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of authors' names and dates are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list. References should be given in the following form:

Baker, E.W., Louda, J.W., 1986. Porphyrins in the geological records. In Johns, R.B. (Ed.) Biological Markers in the Sedimentary Record. Elsevier, Oxford. pp. 121-225.

Hunt, J.M., 1996. Petroleum Geochemistry and Geology, 2nd Edition. Freeman, New York. pp. 256.

Kee, R.J., Rupley, F.M., Miller, J.A., 1993. CHEMKIN II, a Fortran chemical kinetics package for the analysis of gas phase chemical kinetics. Sandia Laboratories Report, SAND 89-8009B.

Lee, G.S.H., Wilson, M.A., Young, B.R., 1998. The application of the "watergate" suppression technique for analysing humic substances by nuclear magnetic resonance. Organic Geochemistry 28, 549-559.

Sebestov¨¤, E., Machovic, V., 1996. Investigation of low-temperature oxidation of brown coal by electron paramagnetic resonance and infrared spectroscopy. In: Kr¨ªbek, B. (Ed.), Weathering of Organic Matter, Proceedings of the International Conference of IGCP 357, Organics and mineral deposits, Prague, November 26-27, 1997. Czech Geol Survey, Prague, pp. 21-36.

Sun Yuzhuang, 1996, Geochemical evidence for multi-stage base metal enrichment in Kupferschiefer: Doctoral Thesis, RWTH Aachen, Shaker Verlag, Aachen, Germany, pp. 210.

Illustrations: All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching. Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Figure(s)" and should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred. They should accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. All illustrations should be clearly marked on the back with the figure number and the author's name. All figures are to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet.

Line drawings: Good quality printouts on white paper produced in black ink are required. All lettering, graph lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.

Photographs: Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be reproduced (e.g. black and white or colour). If necessary, a scale should be marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.

Colour: Where colour photographs are required, the author will be charged for the production of colour separations. However, if adequate separations are provided by the author, a reduced charge will be applied, full details available from the editorial office.

Tables: Tables should be numbered consecutively and given a suitable caption and each table typed on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript, (e.g. in graphs).

Electronic Submission
Authors should submit an electronic copy of their paper with the final revised version of the manuscript. The electronic copy should match the hardcopy exactly. Always keep a backup copy of the electronic file for reference and safety. Full details of electronic submission and formats will be sent to you by the Associate Editor, or can be obtained from Author Services.

Proofs
Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author if no corresponding author is identified of multi-authored papers) and should be returned within 48 hours of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors; any others may be charged to the author. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofs are to be returned to the Log-in Department of the Sunlight Publishing Canada.

Offprints
10 offprints will be supplied free of charge. Offprints and copies of the issue can be ordered at a specially reduced rate using the order form sent to the corresponding author after the manuscript has been accepted. Orders for reprints will incur a 50% surcharge.

Copyright
All authors must sign the "Transfer of Copyright" agreement before the article can be published. This transfer agreement enables Sunlight Publishing to protect the copyrighted material for the authors, but does not relinquish the author's proprietary rights. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights of Sunlight Publishing Canada to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations. This includes the right to adapt the article for use in conjunction with computer systems and programs, including reproduction or publication in machine-readable form and incorporation in retrieval systems. Authors are responsible for obtaining from the copyright holder permission to reproduce any figures for which copyright exists.

Author Services
For queries relating to the general submission of manuscripts (including electronic text and artwork) and the status of accepted manuscripts, please contact Author Services:

Editorial Board of ¡¶World Journal Of Engineering¡·, Guangming South Street 199,Handan, Hebei, China; Zip Code: 056038; Tel: 86-310-7429124) ; Fax: 0310-6025698; 
E-mail: manuscript@wjoe.org; suscription@wjoe.org; support@wjoe.org  http://www.wjoe.org


Editorial Office    (¡ü)
Staff in editorial office:
Prof. Dr. Shuli Ding;
Prof. Guimei Wang (mechanical engineering);
Prof. Dr. Qingxue Li (environmental engineering);
Associate Prof. Hezong Li (material engineering).
Prof. Yanhong Zhang, Hebei University of Engineering, China;  


¡¶World Journal Of Engineering¡·
Hebei University of Engineering, Guangming South Street 199, Handan, Hebei, China ,Zip Code: 056038
Tel: 86-310-7429124 ; Fax: 86-310-6025698; 
E-mail: manuscript@wjoe.org; suscription@wjoe.org; support@wjoe.org  http://www.wjoe.org